PHILWEB BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ARCHIVE

THEORETICAL RESOURCES OFF- AND ON-LINE

CONTENTS


 

'VICTORIAN' LITERATURE AND LITERARY THEORY (c.1830 - c.1900)
(MID-CENTURY AND FIN DE SIECLE)

AESTHETICISM
DECADENCE
IMPRESSIONISM
REALISM
SYMBOLISME


ASSOCIATIONS

CONFERENCES

2012:

2011:

  • Performance and Play, Annual Conference, North American Victorian Studies Association, Nashville, November 3-6

2010:

  • Annual Conference, Northeastern Victorian Studies Association, Princeton University, April 16-18

2009:

  • Joint Meeting, Victorian Interdiscipinary Studies Association of the Western United States and Victorian Studies Association of Western Canada, Vancouver, October 15-17
  • The Victorian Everyday, Northeast Victorian Studies Association, Wellesley College, April 3-5

2008:

2007:

  • Victorian Secrets, Victorians Institute, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, October 26-28
  • Victorian Beginnings, Australasian Victorian Studies Association, University of Western Australia, February 7-11

2006:

  • Neo-Victorianism: the Politics and Aesthetics of Appropriation, Centre for Victorian Studies, University of Exeter, September 10-12

2005:

  •  

2004:

  •  

2003:

  •  

2002:

  •  

2001:

  •  

2000:

  •  

Annual:

  •  

Seminars:

  • Fin de Siècle Seminar, 1870-1920, University of Oxford, October 12, 2006-June 30, 2007

COURSES

JOURNALS

LITERARY AUTHORS

SOURCES: PRIMARY

Off-Line:

  • Anthologies:

    • General:
    • Phases:

      • Mid-Century:

        • General:

          • Hoffman, Daniel G., and Samuel Hynes, eds.  English Literary Criticism: Romantic and Victorian.  London: Peter Owen, 1963.

          • Trilling, Lionel, and Harold Bloom, eds.  Victorian Prose and Poetry.  Vol. 5 of Oxford Anthology of English Literature.  Oxford: OUP, 1973.

          • Turner, Paul, ed.  Victorian Poetry, Drama, and Miscellaneous Prose.  Oxford: Clarendon, 1990.

        • Drama:
        • Poetry:
          • Buckler, William E., ed.  The Major Victorian Poets: Tennyson, Browning, Arnold
          • Collins, Thomas J., and Vivienne J. Rundle, eds.  The Broadview of Victorian Poetry and Poetic Theory.  Peterborough: Broadview, 1999.
          • Cunningham, Valentine, ed.  The Victorians: an Anthology of Poetry and Poetics
          • Cunningham, Valentine, and Duncan Wu, eds.  Victorian Poetry.  Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.
          • Houghton, Walter, and G. Robert Stange, eds.  Victorian Poetry and Poetics
          • Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959.
          • Karlin, Daniel, ed.  The Penguin Book of Victorian Verse.  Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1997.
          • Negri, Paul, ed.  English Victorian Poetry: an Anthology.  New York: Dover, 1998.
          • O'Gorman, Francis, ed.  Victorian Poetry: an Annotated Anthology.  Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
        • Prose Fiction:
      • Fin de Siecle (Aestheticism / Decadence / Impressionism / Symbolisme):

        • Beckson, Karl, ed.  Aesthetes and Decadents of the 1890s.  Chicago: Academy Chicago, 1966. 
        • Fletcher, Ian, ed.  Decadence and the 1890s.  1977.
        • Small, Ian, ed.  The Aesthetes: a Sourcebook.  1979.
        • Warner, Eric, and Graham Hough, eds.  Strangeness and Beauty: an Anthology of Aesthetic Criticism, 1848-1910.  2 Vols.  Cambridge: CUP, 1983.
    • Topics:

      • Realism:
        • Becker, George J., ed.  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.
  • Selected Individual Works:

    • General:
    • Phases:

      • Mid-Century:
        • General:
        • Drama:
          • Strindberg, August.  "Naturalism in the Theatre."  
        • Poetry:
          • Hallam, Arthur Henry.  "On Some of the Characteristics of Modern Poetry."  Victorian Poetry and Poetics
          • Ed. Walter Houghton, and G. Robert Stange.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959.  848-860.
        • Prose Fiction:
      • Fin de Siecle (Aestheticism / Decadence / Impressionism / Symbolisme):

        • France, Anatole.  1888-1893.

          • "The Adventures of the Soul."  Critical Theory Since Plato.  Ed. Hazard Adams.  New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.  656. 

        • Symons, Arthur.  The Symbolist Movement in Literature.  London: Heinemann, 1899.
        • Symons, Arthur.  "The Decadent Movement in Literature."  1893.  First published in London Quarterly Review, January 1918. 

          • Victorian Poetry and Poetics.  Ed. Walter Houghton, and G. Robert Stange.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959.  903-909.

          • Dramatis Personae, 1926. 

    • Topics:

      • Realism:
        • Balzac, Honoré de.  "Avant-Propos."  La Comédie humaine.  1842.
        • Conrad, Joseph.  "Preface."  The Nigger of the 'Narcissus'.  1897.
          • "The Highest Kind of Justice to the Visible Universe."  The Theory of the Novel.  Ed. Philip Stevick.  New York: Free Press, 1967.  399-403.
        • Desnoyers, Ferdinand.  "Du Réalisme."  L'Artiste December 9 (1855): 197-200. 
          • "On Realism."  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  80-88.
        • Goncourt, Edmond.  "Préface."  Les Freres Zemganno.  Paris, 1879.
        • Goncourt, Edmond, and Jules de Goncourt.  "Préface."  Germinie Lacerteux.  Paris: Société des Beaux Arts, 1865.
          • "On True Novels."  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  117-119.
        • Gosse, Edmund.  "The Limits of Realism in Fiction."  Forum 9 (1890): 391-400. 
          • Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  383-393.
        • Howells, William Dean.  Criticism and Fiction.  New York: Harper and Brothers, 1891.
          • "On Truth in Fiction."  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  129-136.
        • Lewes, George.  "Realism in Art: Recent German Fiction."  Westminister Review 70 (1858): .
        • Maupassant, Guy de.  "Preface."  Pierre et Jean.  1888. 
          • Trans. Clara Dee.  1902. 
            • "A Presentment More Striking Than Reality Itself."  The Theory of the Novel.  Ed. Philip Stevick.  New York: Free Press, 1967.  397-399.
        • Maupassant, Guy de.  "Les Bas fonds."  Le Gaulois July 28, 1882.
          • "The Lower Elements."  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  247-250.
        • McDowall, Arthur.  "Conclusions and Applications."  Realism: a Study in Art and Thought.  London: Constable, 1918.  267-294. 
          • Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  565-578.
        • Stevenson, Robert Louis.  Essays in the Art of Writing
        • Vogué, E. M.  "Préface."  Le Roman Russe.  Paris: Plon, 1886.  vii-lv.
          • "On Russian and French Realism."  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  310-343.

On-Line:

SOURCES: SECONDARY

Off-Line:

  • Anthologies:

    • General:
    • Phases:

      • Mid-Century:
        • General:
          • Cruickshank, J., ed.  The Late Nineteenth Century.  Vol. 5 of French Literature and its Background.  Oxford: OUP, 1969.

          • Day, Gary, ed.  Varieties of Victorianism
          • Ford, Boris, ed.  Romantics to Early Victorians.  Vol. 6 of New Pelican Guide to English Literature.  Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1990.

          • Kincaid, James, et al., eds.  Victorian Literature and Society
          • Langbaum, Robert.  The Modern Spirit: Essays on the Continuity of Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature.  Oxford: OUP, 1970.
          • Lerner, Laurence, ed.  The Victorians
          • The Context of English Literature.  New York: Holmes and Meier, 1978.
          • Maynard, J., and A. A. Munich, eds.  Victorian Literature and Culture.  New York: AMS, 1993.

          • Shires, Linda M., ed.  Rewriting the Victorians.  London: Routledge, 1992.

          • Stromberg, Roland, ed.  Realism, Naturalism and Symbolism: Modes of Thought and Expression in Europe, 1848-1914.  New York: Walker, 1968.

          • Tucker, Herbert F., ed.  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.

        • Drama:

        • Poetry:
          • Armstrong, Isobel, ed.  The Major Victorian Poets: Reconsiderations
          • .  Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1969.
          • Bristow, Joseph, ed.  Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry.   Cambridge: CUP, 2000.
          • Cronin, Richard, Alison Chapman, and Antony H. Harrison, eds.  A Companion to Victorian Poetry.  Oxford: Blackwell, 2007.
          • Faverty, Frederic, ed.  The Victorian Poets: a Guide to Research
          • .  Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1956.
          • Morgan, T. A., ed.  Contemporary Critics Look at Victorian Poetry.  West Virginia UP, 1991.
        • Prose Fiction:

          • Brantlinger, Patrick, and William Thesing, eds.  A Companion to the Victorian Novel.  Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

          • David, Deidre, ed.  Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel.  Cambridge: CUP, 2001.

          • O'Gorman, Francis, ed.  The Victorian Novel: a Guide to Criticism.  Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

          • Skilton, David, ed.  The Early and Mid-Victorian NovelLondon: Routledge, 1992.

      • Fin de Siecle (Aestheticism / Decadence / Impressionism / Symbolisme):

    • Topics:

      • Realism:
        • Kennedy, George A., ed.  Realism, Positivism, and Marxism.  Vol. 6 of Cambridge History of Literary Criticism.  Cambridge: CUP, 2006.
  • Selected Individual Works:

    • Socio-Historical Context:

      • Altick, Richard D.  Victorian People and Ideas: a Companion for the Modern Reader of Victorian Literature.  New York: Norton, 1974.
      • Arata, Stephen.  "1897."  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Ed. Herbert F. Tucker.  Oxford: Blackwell, .  51-65.
      • Biddis, Michael.  "Progress, Prosperity, and Positivism: Cultural Trends in Mid-Century."  Themes in European History, 1830-1890.  Ed. Bruce Waller.  London: Routledge, .  190-212.
      • Burrow J. W.  The Crisis of Reason: European Thought, 1848-1914.  New Haven: Yale UP, 2002.

      • Gilmour, Robin.  The Victorian Period: the Intellectual and Cultural Context of English Literature, 1830-90.  London: Longman, 1993.
      • Halliday, F. E.  "Reform, Free Trade and Prosperity, 1832-1865."  England: a Concise History London: Thames and Hudson, 1964.  172-186.
      • Halliday, F. E.  "Gladstone and Disraeli, 1865-1886."  England: a Concise HistoryLondon: Thames and Hudson, 1964.  187-191.
      • Halliday, F. E.  "The Conservatives and Imperialism, 1886-1905."  England: a Concise HistoryLondon: Thames and Hudson, 1964.  192-199.
      • Hardman, Malcolm.  Six Victorian Thinkers: Carlyle, Ruskin, Taylor, Mill, Newman, Arnold. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1991.
      • Harrison, Anthony H.  "1848."  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Ed. Herbert F. Tucker.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.  19-34.
      • Hobsbawm, Eric.  The Age of Capital, 1848-1875London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1975.  Rpt. London: Abacus, 1997.
      • Houghton, Walter.  The Victorian Frame of Mind, 1830-1870.  
      • Oxford: OUP, 1957.
      • Hughes, Linda K.  "1870."  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Ed. Herbert F. Tucker.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.  35-50.
      • Jay, Elisabeth.  Faith and Doubt in Victorian Britain
      • Lucas, John.  England and Englishness
      • Marcus, Steven.  The Other Victorians
      • Poston, Lawrence.  "1832."  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Ed. Herbert F. Tucker.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.  3-18. 
      • Roberts, Adam C.  Victorian Culture and Society: the Essential Glossary.  London: Hodder and Arnold, 2003.

      • Turner, Paul.  "The Spirit of the Age."  English Literature, Excluding the Novel, 1832-1890.  1-17.

      • Wilson, A. N.  The Victorians.  New York: Norton, 2004.

    • General:
    • Phases:

      • Mid-Century:

        • General:

          • Abrams, M. H.  "Victorian Period."  A Glossary of Literary Terms.  New York: Holt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1993.  153-154.
          • Brantlinger, Patrick.  The Spirit of Reform: British Literature and Politics, 1832-1867.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1977.
          • Buckley, J. H.  The Victorian Temper: a Study in Literary Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1964.
          • Bullen, J. B.  The Pre-Raphaelite Body.  Oxford: Clarendon, 1998.
          • Bullen, J. B.  Writing and Victorianism.  London: Longmans, 1997.
          • Chapple, R. A. V.  Science and Literature in the Nineteenth Century
          • Cox, Don Richard.  Sexuality and Victorian Literature
          • Crary, Jonathan.  Techniques of the Observer: on Vision and Modernity in the 19th Century.  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990.
          • Dawson, Carl.  Victorian Noon: English Literature in 1850
          • Harland, Richard.  "Social Theories of the Nineteenth Century."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  81-95.

          • Harland, Richard.  "Naturalism, Symbolism and Modernism."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  96-124.

          • Langbaum, Robert.  The Modern Spirit: Essays on the Continuity of Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Literature
          • Langbaum, Robert.  The Mysteries of Identity
          • Latané, David E.  "Literary Criticism."  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Ed. Herbert F. Tucker.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.  388-404.
          • Sussman, Herbert.  Victorians and the Machine: the Literary Response to Technology
          • Sutherland, John.  Victorian Fiction: Writers, Publishers, Readers.  London: Macmillan, 1995.
          • Tillotson, Geoffrey, et al.  Mid-Victorian Studies
          • Tillotson, Geoffrey.  A View of Victorian Literature
          • Turner, Paul.  English Literature, Excluding the Novel, 1832-1890
          • Wellek, Rene.  A History of Modern Criticism, 1750-1950.  8 Vols.  New Haven: Yale UP.
            • The Later Nineteenth Century.  Vol. 4.  1965.
            • The Age of Transition.  Vol. 3.  1965.
        • Drama:

          • Archer, William.  The Theatrical World (1893-97).

          • Booth, Michael.  Theatre in the Victorian Age.

          • Rowell, George.  The Victorian Theatre: a Survey.

        • Poetry:

          • General:
            • Armstrong, Isobel.  Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics and Politics.  London: Routledge, 1993.
            • Bristow, Joseph.  "Reforming Victorian Poetry: Poetics after 1832."  Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry.   Cambridge: CUP, 2000.  1-24.
            • Christ, Carol.  Victorian and Modern Poetics.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1984.
            • Elfenbein, Andrew.  Byron and the Victorians.  Cambridge: CUP, 1995.
            • Harrison, Antony H.  Victorian Poets and Romantic Poems: Intertextuality and Ideology.  Charlottesville: U of Virginia P, 1990.
            • Lerner, Laurence.  "Poetry."  The Victorians.  Ed. Laurence Lerner.  New York: Holmes and Meier, 1978.  25-45.
            • Mermin, Dorothy.  The Audience in the Poem: Five Victorian Poets.  New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1983.
            • Reilly, Catherine.  Late Victorian Poetry.  London: Mansell, 1994.
            • Richards, Bernard.  English Poetry of the Victorian Period, 1830-90.  London: Longman, 1988.
            • Slinn, E. Warwick.  "Poetry."  A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture.  Ed. Herbert F. Tucker.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.  307-322. 
            • Sussman, Herbert.  Victorian Masculinities: Manhood and Masculine Poetics in Early Victorian Literature and Art.  Cambridge: CUP, 1995.
          • Form:
            • Genre:
              • Langbaum, Robert.  The Poetry of Experience: the Dramatic Monologue in Modern Literary Tradition.  New York: , 1957.
            • Structure:
              • Armstrong, Isobel.  Language as Literary Form in Nineteenth Century Poetry.  Brighton: Harvester, 1982.
          • Metaphysical / Epistemological / Linguistic Issues:
            • Ball, Patricia M.  The Central Self: a Study in Romantic and Victorian Imagination.  London: Athlone, 1968.
            • Faas, Ekbert.  Retreat into the Mind: Victorian Poetry and the Rise of Psychiatry.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1988.
            • Shaw, W. David.  The Lucid Veil: Poetic Truth in the Victorian Age.  London: Athlone, 1987.

            • Slinn, E. Warwick.  The Discourse of Self in Victorian Poetry.  Charlottesville: U of Virginia P, 1991.

          • Socio-Political Issues:
            • Harrison, Antony H.  Victorian Poets and the Politics of Culture: Discourse and Ideology.  Charlottesville: U of Virginia P, 1998.
        • Prose Fiction:

          • Ermarth, Elizabeth D.  The English Novel in History, 1840-95.  London: Routledge, 1997.

          • Fraser, Hilary, and Daniel Brown.  English Prose of the Nineteenth Century.  London: Longman, 1996.

          • Garrett, Peter K.  The Victorian Multiplot Novel: Studies in Dialogical Form.  New Haven: Yale UP, 1980.

          • Gilmour, Robin.  The Novel in the Victorian Age: a Modern Introduction.  London: Edwin Arnold, 1986.

          • Guy, Josephine.  The Victorian Social Problem Novel.  London: Macmillan, 1996.

          • Levine, George.  Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2002.

          • Miller, A. H.  Novels Behind Glass: Commodity Culture and Victorian Narrative.  Cambridge: CUP, 1995.

          • Rignall, John.  Realist Fiction and the Strolling Spectator.  London: Routledge, 1992.

      • Fin de Siecle (Aestheticism / Decadence / Impressionism / Symbolisme):

        • Aestheticism:
          • Abrams, M. H.  "Aestheticism."  A Glossary of Literary Terms.  New York: Holt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1993.  3.
          • Dellamora, Richard.  Masculine Desire: the Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism
          • Gaunt, William.  The Aesthetic Adventure.  1945.
          • Harland, Richard.  "British Aestheticism (also Pater, Wilde)."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  109-113.
          • Johnson, R. V.  Aestheticism
          • Starkie, Enid.  From Gautier to Eliot: the Influence of France in English Poetry, 1851-1939.
          • Wimsatt, William, and Cleanth Brooks.  "Art for Art's Sake."  Literary Criticism: a Short History.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957.  475-498.
        • Decadence:
          • Baldick, Chris.  "Descents from Decadence: 1890-1918."  Criticism and Literary Theory: 1890 to the PresentLondon: Longman, 1996.  20-63.
          • Carter, A. E.   The Idea of Decadence in French Literature, 1830-1900.  1958.
          • Dellamora, Richard.  Masculine Desire: the Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism.  Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1990.
          • Gilman, Richard.  Decadence: the Strange Life of an Epithet.  1979.
          • Praz, Mario.  The Romantic Agony.  1933.
        • Impressionism:
        • Symbolism:
          • Abrams, M. H.  "Symbolist Movement."  A Glossary of Literary Terms.  New York: Holt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1993.  208-210.
          • Adams, Hazard.  "Symbolist Symbolism."  Philosophy of the Literary Symbolic.  Gainesville: UP of Florida, 1983.  117-153.
          • Balakian, Anna E.  The Symbolist Movement: a Critical Appraisal.  New York: Random House, 1967.

          • Boon, James.  From Symbolism to Structuralism.  New York: Harper and Row, 1972.

          • Bowra, C. M.  The Heritage of Symbolism.  London: Macmillan, 1983.

          • Chadwick, Charles.  Symbolism.  London: Methuen, 1971.
          • Chiari, Joseph.  Symbolism from Poe to Mallarmé.  Folcroft, PA: Folcroft Library, 1956.
          • Cornell, Keith.  The Symbolist Movement.  1951.
          • Engelberg, Edward, ed.  The Symbolist Poem.  1967.
          • Harland, Richard.  "French Symbolists (Gautier, Baudelaire, Mallarme, Valery)."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  103-109.
          • Harris, Wendell V.  "Symbol."  Dictionary of Concepts in Literary Criticism and Theory.  Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992.  398-405.
          • Lehmann, A. G.  The Symbolist Aesthetic in France, 1885-1895.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1968.
          • Olson, Elder.  "A Dialogue on Symbolism."  Critics and Criticism.  Ed. R. S. Crane.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1952.
          • Strelka, Joseph, ed.  Perspectives in Literary Symbolism.  University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1968.
          • Stromberg, Roland, ed.  Realism, Naturalism and Symbolism: Modes of Thought and Expression in Europe, 1848-1914.  New York: Walker, 1968.
    • Topics:

      • Realism:
        • Harland, Richard.  "French Naturalists (Flaubert, Zola, the Goncourt Brothers)."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  98-103.

        • Harland, Richard.  "Naturalism, Symbolism and Modernism."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  96-124.

        • McGowan, John P.  Representation and Revelation: Victorian Realism from Carlyle to Yeats.  Columbia: U of Missouri P, 1986.

        • Wimsatt, William, and Cleanth Brooks.  "The Real and the Social: Art as Propaganda."  Literary Criticism: a Short History.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957.  454-474.

        • Wimsatt, William, and Cleanth Brooks.  "The Historical Method."  Literary Criticism: a Short History.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957.  522-551.

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  • Socio-Historical Context:
  • General:
  • Phases:

    • Mid-Century:

      • General:

      • Drama:

      • Poetry:

      • Prose Fiction:

    • Fin de Siecle (Aestheticism / Decadence / Impressionism / Symbolisme):

  • Topics:

    • Realism:
 

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