• Literature, History, Cognition, Departments of French and Philosophy, University of Nottingham, October 15



  • Fiction, Truth and Reality: an Interdisciplinary Approach, Department of Comparative Studies, University of Silesia, October 24–26

  • Realisms in Contemporary Culture: Theories, Politics and Medial Configurations, School of Language and Literature, Freiburg University, September 23-25

  • Littérature et Vérité, Département de Philosophie, Université de Genève, 14 mai


  • Depiction, University of Manchester, May 18-19

  • Representations of 9/11, UK Network for Modern Fiction Studies in partnership with University of Hull, University of Westminster, March 17




  • The Borders of Realism in 20th Century Narrative Literature, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium, December 1-3

  • History and Literature, Southern Comparative Literature Association, University of South Carolina, October 30-November 2, 2004

  • The Doors of Perception: Vision, Imagination and Reaction In / To Literature, Department of English, State University of New York at Albany, April 16 and 17

  • The Persistence of Form: Culture, History and the Aesthetic, 29th Annual Conference on Literature and Film, Florida State University, January 29-February 1, 2004












Schools of Criticism:

  • Anglo-American Formalism:
    • Modernism:
    • Myth Criticism:
    • Neo-Aristotelianism (Chicago School):
    • New Criticism:
  • Continental Theory:
    • Idealism:
    • Marxism:
    • Phenomenology / Existentialism / Hermeneutics:
    • Psychoanalysis:
      • Jungian Analytical Psychology:
    • Post-Structuralism:
      • Deconstruction:
      • Dialogism (Bakhtinian Circle):
      • Foucauldian Theory:
      • Structuralism:
        • Russian Formalism:
      • Structuralist Marxism:
      • Structuralist (Lacanian) Psychoanalysis:
  • Pragmatism:



  • Anthologies:
    • Becker, George J., ed.  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.
    • Furst, Lillian, ed.  Realism.  London: Longman, 1992.
    • Gibson, John, Wolfgang Huemer, and Luca Pocci, eds.  A Sense of the World: Essays on Fiction, Narrative, and Knowledge.  London: Routledge, 2007.
    • Hall, Stuart, ed.  Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices.  London: Sage, 1997.
    • Hemmings, F. W. J., ed.  The Age of Realism.  Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974.
    • Krieger, Murray, ed.  The Aims of Representation: Subject / Text / History.  New York: Columbia UP, 1987.
    • Levin, Harry, ed.  A Symposium on Realism.  Special Issue of Comparative Literature 3 (1951).
    • Lyons, John D., and Stephen G. Nichols, Jr., eds.  Mimesis: from Mirror to Method, Augustine to Descartes.  Hanover: U of New England P, 1982.
    • Spariosu, Mihia, ed.  Mimesis in Contemporary Theory.  Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1984.
    • Walder, Dennis, ed.  The Realist Novel.  London: Routledge, 1995.
    • Whiteside, Anna, and Michael Issacharoff, eds.  On Referring in Literature.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1987.
  • Selected Individual Works:
    • Booth, Wayne C.  "Chapter II: General Rules, I: 'True Novels Must be Realistic.'"  The Rhetoric of Fiction.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1961.  23-64.
    • Brooks, Peter.  Realist Vision.  New Haven: Yale UP, 2005.
    • Brown, Marshall.  "The Logic of Realism: a Hegelian Approach."  PMLA 96 (1981): 224-241.
    • Dickstein, Morris.  A Mirror in the Roadway: Literature and the Real World.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 2005.
    • Donoghue, Dennis.  The Ordinary Universe.  London: , 1968.
    • Duranty, Edmond.  
    • Eliot, George.  Chapter XVII.  Adam Bede.  1859.
      • Rpt. as "On Realism."  Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  112-116.
    • Ermarth, Elizabeth Deeds.  Realism and Consensus in the English Novel.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1983.
    • Fludernik, Monica.  The Fictions of Language and the Languages of Fiction: the Linguistic Representation of Speech and Consciousness.  London: Routledge, 1993.
    • Gibson, John.  Fiction and the Weave of Life.  Oxford: OUP, 2007.
    • Graham, Joseph F.  Onomatopoetics: Theory of Language and Literature.  Cambridge: CUP, 1992.
    • Halliwell, Stephen.  The Aesthetics of Mimesis: Ancient Texts and Modern Problems.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 2002.
    • Hamon, Philippe.  "A Constrained Discourse."  Poétique 16 (1973): .
    • Hans, James S.  Imitation and the Image of Man.  Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, 1987.
    • Hume, Kathryn.  Fantasy and Mimesis: Responses to Reality in Western Literature.  London: Methuen, 1984.
    • Hutcheon, Linda.  "Metafictional Implications for Novelistic Reference."  On Referring in LiteratureEd. Anna Whiteside and Michael Issacharoff.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1987.
    • Jakobson, Roman.  "On Realism in Art."  1921.  Language in LiteratureEd. Krystyna Pomorska and Stephen Rudy.  Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 1987.  19-27.
      • Readings in Russian Poetics: Formalist and Structuralist ViewsEd. Ladislav Matejka and Krystyna Pomorska.  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1962. 
    • Kirwan, James.  Literature, Rhetoric, Metaphysics: Literary Theory and Literary Aesthetics.  London: Routledge, 1990.
    • Levin, Harry.  The Gates of Horn: a Study of Five French Realists.  Oxford: OUP , 1963. 
      • "Realism in Perspective."  Approaches to the Novel: Materials for a Poetics.  Ed. Robert Scholes.  San Francisco: Chandler, 1966.  101-120.
    • Levin, Harry.  "What is Realism?"  Comparative Literature 3 (1951): 193-199.
    • Levine, George.  The Realistic Imagination: English Fiction from Frankenstein to Lady Chatterley.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1981. 
      • "Realism Reconsidered."  Essentials of the Theory of Fiction.  Ed. Michael J. Hoffman and Patrick Murphy.  Durham: Duke UP, 1996.  234-245. 
      • Theory of the Novel: a Historical Approach.  Ed. Michael McKeon.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2000.  613-631.
    • McDowall, Arthur.  "Conclusions and Applications."  Realism: a Study in Art and Thought.  London: Constable, 1918.  267-294. 
      • Documents of Modern Literary Realism.  Ed. George J. Becker.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.  565-578.
    • Nuttall, A. D.  A New Mimesis.  London: Methuen, 1983.
    • Ortega Y Gasset, José.  The Dehumanisation of Art and Notes on the Novel.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1948.
    • Prendergrast, Christopher.  The Order of Mimesis.  Cambridge: CUP, 1986.
    • Shaw, Harry E.  Narrating Reality.  Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1999.
    • Spence, Donald P.  Narrative Truth and Historical Truth.  New York: Norton, 1982.
    • Stern, J. P.  On Realism.  London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.
    • Stevenson, R. L.  "A Note on Realism."  1883. 
      • Essays Literary and Critical.  London: Heinemann, 1932.
    • Storey, Robert.  Mimesis and the Human Animal: On the Biogenetic Foundations of Literary Representation.  Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 1996.
    • Taussig, Michael.  Mimesis and Alterity: a Particular History of the Senses.  London: Routledge, 1992.
    • Walton, Kendall L.  Mimesis as Make-Believe: On the Foundations of the Representational Arts.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1990.
      • "Appreciating Fiction: Suspending Disbelief or Pretending Belief?"  Furst. 
    • Weinberg, Bernard.  French Realism: the Critical Reaction,1830-1870.  New York: Modern Language Association, 1937.
    • Zuidervaart, Lambert.  Artistic Truth: Aesthetics, Discourse, and Imaginative Disclosure.  Cambridge: CUP, 2004.





  • Anthologies:
    • Stromberg, Roland, ed.  Realism, Naturalism and Symbolism: Modes of Thought and Expression in Europe, 1848-1914.  New York: Walker, 1968.
    • Zamora, Lois Parkinson, and Wendy B. Faris, eds.  Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community.  Durham: Duke UP, 1995.
  • Selected Individual Works:
    • Abrams, M. H.  "Mimetic Theories."  The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition.  Oxford: OUP, 1953.  8-14. 
    • Abrams, M. H.  "Imitation and the Mirror."  The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition.  Oxford: OUP, 1953.  30-46.
    • Adams, Jon-K.  Pragmatics and Fiction.  Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1985.
    • Becker, George J.  Realism in Modern Literature.  New York: Frederick Ungar, 1980.

    • Becker, George J.  "Realism: an Essay in Definition."  Modern Language Quarterly 10 (1949): 184-197.

    • Bournecque, J-H., and P. Cogny.  Réalisme et naturalisme.  Paris: Hachette, 1958.

    • Boyd, John D.  The Function of Mimesis and its Decline.  Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 1988.

    • Carter, Everett.  Howells and the Age of Realism.  Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1954.

    • Cogny, P.  Le Naturalisme.  Paris: , 1968.
    • Demastes, William W.  Beyond Naturalism: a New Realism in American Theatre.  New York: Greenwood, 1988.
    • Furst, Lillian.  All is True: the Claims and Strategies of Realist Fiction.  Durham: Duke UP, 1995.
    • Furst, Lillian.  "Introduction."  Realism.  Ed. Lillian Furst.  London: Longman, 1992.  1-23.
    • Furst, Lillian and Peter Skrine.  Naturalism.  London: Methuen, 1971.
    • Gebauer, Gunter, and Christoph Wulf.  1992.
      • Mimesis: Culture - Art - Society.  Trans. Don Reneau.  Berkeley: U of California P, 1996.
    • Graham, Kenneth.  English Criticism of the Novel, 1865-1900.  Oxford: OUP, 1965.
    • Grant, Damian.  Realism.  London: Methuen, 1970.
    • Harland, Richard.  "French Naturalists (Flaubert, Zola, the Goncourt Brothers)."  Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes.  London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.  98-103.

    • Harris, Wendell V.  "Mimesis."  Dictionary of Concepts in Literary Criticism and Theory.  Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992.  233-237.
    • Harris, Wendell V.  "Realism."  Dictionary of Concepts in Literary Criticism and Theory.  Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992.  323-330.
    • Harris, Wendell V.  "Reference."  Dictionary of Concepts in Literary Criticism and Theory.  Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992.  330-337.
    • Herman, Luc.  Concepts of Realism.  Rochester, NY: Camden House, 1996.
    • Lindenberger, Herbert.  "The Mimetic Bias in Modern Anglo-American Criticism."  Mimesis in Contemporary Theory.  Ed. Mihia Spariosu.  Vol.  1.  Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1984.
    • Martino, Pierre.  Le Naturalisme Français.  Paris: , 1923.
    • Martino, Pierre.  Le Roman realiste sous le second empire.  Paris: , 1913.
    • Mitchell, W. J. T.  "Representation."  Critical Terms for Literary Studies.  Ed. Frank Lentricchia and Thomas McLaughlin.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1990.  11-22
    • Morris, Pam.  Realism.  London: Routledge, 2003.
    • Pizer, Donald.  Realism and Naturalism in Nineteenth Century American Literature.  Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1984.
    • Potolsky, Matthew.  Mimesis.  London: Methuen, .
    • Ransom, John Crowe.  "Mimesis."  The World's Body.  New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1938.  193-211. 
    • Tate, J.  "'Imitation' in Plato's Republic."  Classical Quarterly.  22 (1928): 16-23.
    • Verdenius, W. J.  Mimesis: Plato's Doctrine of Artistic Imitation and its Meaning to Us.  Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1949.
    • Wellek, René.  "The Concept of Realism in Literary Scholarship."  Concepts of Criticism.  Ed. Stephen G. Nichols, Jr.  New Haven: Yale UP, 1963.  222-255.
    • Williams, Raymond.  Drama from Ibsen to Eliot.  London: , 1952.
    • Wimsatt, William, and Cleanth Brooks.  "The Real and the Social: Art as Propaganda."  Literary Criticism: a Short History.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1957.  454-474.






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